601. Anatomy. (2-6). Credit 4 each semester.

Topographical dissection of one of the following domestic animals: horse, ox, dog, or cat. May be taken more than once but not to exceed 12 hours of credit toward a graduate degree. Prerequisite: VIBS 912 or 305 or equivalent.

602. Histology. (2-6). Credit 4.

Molecular phenomena placed in context with tissues, organs, and organ systems; cell and tissue structures visualized by light microscopy and electron micrographs for functional relationships; clinical correlations reveal the relevance of histology in specific disease states; conceptual thinking exercises facilitate problem-solving skills. Prerequisite: Graduate classification.

603. Neuroanatomy. (2-6). Credit 4.

Gross, developmental and microscopic anatomy of nervous system of selected laboratory and domestic animals. Prerequisite: Approval of instructor. Cross-listed with NRSC 603.

604. Biomedical Neuroendocrinology and Endocrine Disorders. (3-0). Credit 3.

Gross and functional anatomy and endocrine functions of neuroendocrine systems, hypothalamus and pituitary. Neuroendocrine control of puberty, sexual behavior, menstruation, ovulation, pregnancy, labor, lactation, testis, thyroid, growth, stress, diabetes, obesity, sleep, memory, learning and aging and their disorders. Overview biosynthesis, transport and signaling of neuropeptides, prostaglandins, peptide and steroid hormones. Prerequisite: Approval of instructor. Cross-listed with NRSC 604.

605. Chemical Hazard Assessment. (3-0). Credit 3.

Chemical and biological methods for testing hazardous chemicals and complex mixtures; chemical analysis; microbial bioassays; developmental toxicity; enzyme induction; mammalian cell culture. Prerequisite: Graduate classification.

606. Neuroanatomical Systems. (3-0). Credit 3.

Emphasis on major neural systems that govern identifiable physiological functions, behavior, and neurodegenerative disease; whole-brain anatomy is approached from a “systems” perspective, wherein components of defined functional systems are described in terms of their location, inputs and outputs, and physiological /behavioral significance in health and disease. Prerequisite: Approval of instructor. Cross-listed with NRSC 605.

607. Applied Epidemiology. (3-3). Credit 4.

An introductory course of the application of epidemiological concepts to the study of disease occurrence in populations of lower animals and man. The purpose of epidemiology is to identify the host, agent and environmental determinants and dynamics of disease spread that provide the basis for successful preventive medicine and public health programs.

608. Epidemiology Methods I. (3-3). Credit 4.

Epidemiology concepts and methods used in the investigation of determinants of health or disease in populations; stressing basic methods for experimental design, conduct and analysis of both observational and experimental studies. Prerequisite: STAT 651 or equivalent.

609. Anatomy of Reproductive Systems. (2-6). Credit 4.

Gross and microscopic anatomy of the reproductive systems of domestic animals. Prerequisite: VIBS 601 or VIBS 602 or VIBS 910 or equivalent. (Offered in alternate years.)

610. Epidemiological Methods II and Data Analysis. (3-3). Credit 4.

Principles and methods for the analysis of data from epidemiological studies including the purpose of data analysis and role of statistics, sampling distributions, probability distributions, analysis of crude, stratified and matched data, and the use of linear and logistic regression methods. Prerequisites: VIBS 608 and STAT 651 or approval of instructor.

611. Tumor Cell Biology and Carcinogenesis. (3-0). Credit 3.

Basic principles of tumor biology; role of gene-environment interactions; molecular mechanisms regulating cancer initiation and progression; therapeutic treatment of cancer. Prerequisites: BIMS 320 or equivalent; graduate classification.

612. Mammalian Embryology. (3-0). Credit 3.

Embryology of domestic mammals; gametogenesis, fertilization, cell proliferation and differentiation, and organogenesis; selected commonly occurring congenital defects of domestic animals used to emphasize embryologic sequences and processes. Prerequisite: Approval of instructor.

613. Evolutionary Bioinformatics. (2-2). Credit 3.

Principles and concepts in molecular evolution, population genetics, and evolutionary genomics; applications of quantitative approaches (computation, statistics, and mathematics) in analyzing large and complex biological data sets; algorithm design and development of scientific software using high-level high-performance computer languages; emerging techniques for integrative data analysis, and the assumptions, advantages, and limitations of these techniques. Prerequisites: BIOL 451 or GENE 320/BIMS 320 or equivalent; or approval of instructor.

615. Food Hygiene. (3-3). Credit 4.

Clinical description, pathogenesis, diagnosis, source, epidemiology, and prevention or control of food-borne diseases caused by biological, chemical, and natural hazards. Prerequisite: Graduate classification.

616. Advanced Developmental Neurotoxicology. (3-0). Credit 3.

Study of mechanisms of toxicity of substances potentially devastating to the developing brain and spinal cord including lead, mercury and other heavy metals, alcohol, nicotine (smoking), pesticides, flame retardants, and others. Prerequisite: Approval of instructor.

617. Cell Biology. Credit 1 to 5.

Series of five 1-hour credit modules focusing on selected aspects of structure, function, and signal transduction in eukaryotic cells through critical analysis of recent literature in the field. Each module listed as a separate course section; students may enroll in up to five 1-hour module sections per semester. Prerequisite: Approval of instructor.

619. Food Toxicology II. (3-0). Credit 3.

Public health implications of toxic factors in foods, their source, nature, occurrence, and distributions; emphasis on mycotoxins including their isolation, detection, identification, and toxicology; study of state-of-the-art food safety research techniques. Prerequisite: Graduate classification.

620. Cytogenetics. (3-0). Credit 3.

Examination and analysis of variation in chromosome structure, behavior, and number; developmental and evolutionary effects of this variation. Prerequisite: GENE 603. Cross-listed with GENE 620.

627. Optical Microscopy and Live Cell Imaging. (2-3). Credit 3.

Principles and practice of optical microscopy for life sciences; applications with fixed samples and live cells using digital microscopy, confocal and multiphoton microscopy, TIRF, and laser capture microscopy equipment; applications with fluorescence probes of cellular function. Prerequisite: Approval of instructor.

633. Animal Diseases in Comparative Medicine. (3-0). Credit 3.

Study of major zoonotic diseases, including frequency of occurrence, clinical signs, diagnosis, epidemiology, bioterrorism concerns and the prevention or control in animals and humans. Prerequisite: Graduate classification.

640. Neurobiology. Credit 1 to 5.

Biology of the mammalian central nervous system with an emphasis on cellular and molecular interactions; contemporary research topics in areas such as neuron-glia interactions, neuroimmunology, neuroendocrinology, developmental neurobiology, and neurogenetics; extensive readings from the primary literature. Prerequisites: Undergraduate or graduate cell biology, genetics, and biochemistry or approval of instructor. Cross-listed with NRSC 640.

650. Education in a Veterinary Medical and Biomedical Environment. Credit 1 to 3.

Philosophical, stylistic and methodological consideration for designing, planning implementing and evaluating effective veterinary medical and biomedical teaching and learning. Orientation for graduate school. Prerequisite: Graduate classification.

655. Methods of Specialized Journalism. (3-0). Credit 3.

Writing and placement of magazine and journal articles in specialized areas of media content such as agriculture, ecology, science, business, education, natural resources; individual projects directed to student’s field of interest.

657. Issues in Science and Technology Journalism. (3-0). Credit 3.

Current issues, fundamental concepts in science and technology journalism, communication theory, science and journalism components, philosophy and literature of the field.

658. Research Methods in Science and Technology Journalism. (3-0). Credit 3.

Research methods including theory, hypothesis formulation, design, data collection, data analysis, measurement and report writing. Qualitative and quantitative methods. Research topics.

660. Reporting Science and Technology. (3-0). Credit 3.

Gathering, writing and editing complex information, translation techniques, interpretation and analysis, literary and organizational devices and measurement of readability.

663. Biomedical Reporting. (3-0). Credit 3.

Sources of biomedical information, specialized information-gathering skills, key biomedical vocabulary/concepts, audiences, outlets, translation/interpretation, research, ethical issues.

664. Risk and Crisis Reporting. (3-0). Credit 3.

Assessment and analysis of environmental and health risk, analytical procedures, interpretation of risk factors, reporting science crisis events.

670. Basic Environmental Toxicology. (3-0). Credit 3.

Introduction to general principles of toxicology; test methods, target organs, the toxicity of major classes of toxins/toxicants, and risk assessment for engineers and other non-toxicologists; risk assessment methodology. Prerequisite: VIBS 602 or approval of instructor.

681. Seminar. (1-0). Credit 1.

Review and discussion of current scientific work in one of the department’s areas of specialization (anatomy, cellular and molecular biology, epidemiology, food safety, genetics, informatics, neuroscience, public health concepts, reproduction/developmental biology, toxicology, zoonoses).

684. Professional Internship. Credit 1 to 4.

A directed internship in an organization to provide students with on-the-job training with professionals in settings appropriate to the student’s professional objectives. Prerequisite: Approval by the committee chair.

685. Directed Studies. Credit 1 to 4 each semester.

Research problem in one of the department’s areas of specialization (anatomy, cellular and molecular biology, epidemiology, food safety, genetics, informatics, neuroscience, public health concepts, reproduction/developmental biology, toxicology, zoonoses, science and technology journalism).

688. Epidemiological Modeling of Infectious Diseases. (2-2). Credit 3.

Concepts of mathematical modeling of infectious diseases; steps and methods for the development and analysis of models. Prerequisite: Graduate classification.

689. Special Topics in… Credit 1 to 4.

Selected topics in one of the department’s areas of specialization (anatomy, cellular and molecular biology, epidemiology, food safety, genetics, informatics, neuroscience, public health concepts, reproduction/developmental biology, toxicology, zoonoses, science and technology journalism).

690. Theory of Research. (3-0). Credit 3.

Theory and design of research related to current biomedical problems especially those involving study of animal disease; philosophical perspectives underlying historical advances in research pertaining to the study, prevention and treatment of disease. Prerequisite: Graduate classification. Cross-listed with VTPP 690 and VPAT 690.

691. Research. Credit 1 or more each semester.

Research reported by the writing of thesis or dissertation as partial requirement for MS or PhD degree. Prerequisite: Approval of department head.